black grape variety


blauburgunder (Austria), spätburgunder (Germany), pinot nero (Italy)


early budding

early ripening

drought sensitive

thin skin

prone to coulure and millerandage

susceptible to botrytis bunch rot, downy mildew and powdery mildew


pale colour

high acidity

medium tannins

medium alcohol

medium body

medium intensity

cherry, raspberry, mushroom


Patagonia, Argentina

Atlantic, Argentina

South Australia, Australia

Tasmania, Australia

Victoria, Australia

Western Australia, Australia

Niederösterreich, Austria

British Columbia, Canada

Ontario, Canada

Coquimbo, Chile

Aconcagua, Chile

Central Valley, Chile

Southern, Chile

Austral, Chile


Alsace, France

Burgundy, France

Champagne, France

Jura, France

Northern Rhône Valley, France

Savoie/Bugey, France

Ahr, Germany

Baden, Germany

Hessische Bergstrasse, Germany

Mittelrhein, Germany

Nahe, Germany

Pfalz, Germany

Rheinessen, Germany

Rheingau, Germany

Württemberg, Germany

Upper Pannon, Hungary

Friuli, Italy

Lombardia, Italy

Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy

Valle d'Aosta, Italy

Wairarapa, New Zealand

Nelson, New Zealand

Waitaki Valley, New Zealand

Central Otago, New Zealand

Canterbury, New Zealand

Marlborough, New Zealand

Beira Atlântico, Portugal