black grape variety


late budding

late ripening

thick skin

prone to coulure

susceptible to trunk diseases

cabernet franc x sauvignon blanc


deep colour

high acidity

high tannins

medium to high alcohol

medium to full body

pronounced intensity

blackcurrant, cedar, bell pepper


The North, Argentina

Cuyo, Argentina

Patagonia, Argentina

New South Wales, Australia

Queensland, Australia

South Australia, Australia

Victoria, Australia

Western Australia, Australia

British Columbia, Canada

Ontario, Canada

Aconcagua, Chile

Central Valley, Chile

Southern, Chile


Bordeaux, France

South-West, France


Upper Pannon, Hungary

Pannon, Hungary

Basilicata, Italy

Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Friuli, Italy

Lombardia, Italy

Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy

Tuscany, Italy

Umbria, Italy

Auckland, New Zealand

Hawke's Bay, New Zealand

Alentejano, Portugal

Beira Atlântico, Portugal

Lisboa, Portugal

Tejo, Portugal

South Africa

Andalusia, Spain

Aragon, Spain

Castile and León, Spain

Catalonia, Spain

Navarre, Spain

Valencia, Spain

Far North California, United States

North Coast California, United States

Central Coast California, United States

Southern California, United States

Inland Valleys, United States